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Wednesday, 27 July 2011


Use of the abacus, with its beads in a rack, was first documented in Han Dynasty China in about AD 190

According to the legend, abacus was invented by a man named Li Sou working for the Yellow Emperor. Li used a big mud plate and white pearls, which were divided into 10 strings of 10 beads to invent.

"Abacus" derives from the Hebrew ibeq, meaning to " wipe the dust" or from the Greek abax, meaning "board covered with dust", which describes the earlier calculating devices used by the Babylonians.

Photo Abacus 1680-1117 by Paul Schadler

The Chinese version was the speediest way to do sums for centuries and, in the right hands, can still outpace electronic calculators.

The abacus is still in regular use in eastern countries, and in China it  is called a hsuan pan (computer tray).

Source The Independent November 3, 2007

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