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Sunday, 10 June 2012

Belarus

A Belorussian state developed in the Middle Ages around the city of Polotsk. From the 13th century it became incorporated within the Slavonic Grand Duchy of Lithuania and from 1569 there was union with Poland.

25% of the Belarusian population was killed in World War II.

The nuclear Chernobyl disaster in 1986 contaminated 20% of the country with radiation, affecting hundreds of thousands of people and mutating thousands of new born. Its far reaching effects mean even today the people of the country having a high rate of cancer and birth defects. 


20% of Belarus' annual budget is currently spent on costs associated with the 1986 Chernobyl disaster.

On 27th of July 1990 Belarus declared its right to self-governance, and The Republic of Belarus, emerged from behind the Iron Curtain on 15 March 1994.




Belarus sacked two top generals after a Swedish advertising agency illegally flew a plane into Belarus in July 2012 that dropped hundreds of teddy bears carrying pro-democracy messages.

Belarus is the only country in Europe that still has the death penalty on its statute book. Its last executions were in 2014.

Over forty percent of Belarus is forested.


Most of Belarus's population of 9.85 million reside in the urban areas surrounding Minsk and other regional capitals.

Over 80% of Belarus's population of 9.49 million reside are ethnic Belarusians, with sizable minorities of Russians, Poles and Ukrainians.


Since a controversial 1995 referendum, Russian has been an official language alongside Belarusian. 

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