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Sunday, 7 July 2013

Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires was founded by a Spanish expedition led by Pedro de Mendoza as Puerto de Santa Mariá del Buen Aire on February 2, 1536. It was abandoned after attacks by American Indians (Querandi), and refounded in 1580.

Juan de Garay and the second founding of Buenos Aires, 1580. By José Moreno Carbonero (1858-1942) 

Buenos Aires became the capital of the viceroyalty of Rió de la Plata in 1776, and federal capital of Argentina in 1880.

Tango originated in brothels in the immigrant ghetto of Buenos Aires in the late 19th century, in what is the present-day harbor of La Boca neighbourhood.

The Buenos Aires Metro started operating on December 1, 1913. It was the first underground railway system in the southern hemisphere and in Latin America.

The climate of Buenos Aires is mild all year around. The mean annual temperature is 18º C (64.4º F), making extremely hot and cold days very infrequent. Thus, tourists can enjoy walking around the city in any season.

Argentine Spanish spoken in and around Buenos Aires is distinctly different from that spoken elsewhere not only in Latin America but also other provinces of Argentina.

Aside from a heavy accent, the language is peppered with Lunfardo, a local slang.

The Greater Buenos Aires conurbation, which also includes several Buenos Aires Province districts, constitutes the third-largest conurbation in Latin America, with a population of (2001 est) 13,756,000.

Argentina is home to the largest Jewish community in Latin America, with more than 250,000 members, with 200,000 in Buenos Aires alone.

Avenida 9 de Julio is the widest avenue in the world at an imposing sixteen lanes. It typically takes at least two traffic light rotations to cross.

Ciudad Evita (Evita City) of the greater Buenos Aires area was not only named after Eva Perón, but is shaped like her head in profile.

Buenos Aires has the highest number of bookshops per capita in the world at 25 per 100,000 people, or more than 700 in total,

In Buenos Aires, soccer is like religion, and the best-known clubs are River Plate, Boca Juniors, Independiente, Racing Club and San Lorenzo.

Buenos Aires has more soccer stadiums than any other city, including El Monumental, which hosted the final of the 1978 FIFA World Cup.

As of 2012, Buenos Aires had more psychologists per capita than any other city in the world.


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