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Sunday, 17 November 2013

Cambridge (USA)

Cambridge was first settled as New Towne in 1630 and renamed Cambridge (after the university town in England) in 1638; it was incorporated as a city in 1846.

In 1640 Pilgrim settlers in Cambridge published the first book in America: the Bay Psalm Book, which included English translations of the Bible's Psalms for singing.

When John Harvard bequeathed $3,500 and a small library to Cambridge College, its name was changed to Harvard University.

Cambridge is the seat of several important colleges: Harvard University (1636), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1861), and Radcliffe College (1879). One quarter of the residents are students and one sixth of the workforce is employed in higher education.

The first college orchestra was founded at Harvard University in 1808.

The Cambridge Chronicle, America's oldest surviving weekly newspaper, was published for the first time in Cambridge in 1846.

Source Hutchinson Encyclopedia © RM 2013. Helicon Publishing is division of RM.

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