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Saturday, 8 October 2016

North Pole

EXPLORATION

The North Pole is the point that is farthest north on the planet Earth.

Christopher Michel ·North Pole Wikipedia
American explorer Robert Peary claimed to have reached the geographic North Pole with his expedition on April 6, 1909. Peary's claim was widely credited for most of the 20th century. However it is now believed that Peary did not reach the pole, although he may have been as close as 60 miles (97 km).

American aviator Floyd Bennett took part in an expedition to Greenland with retired American naval officer Richard Byrd during the spring of 1926. On May 9, 1926, Bennett claimed he was at the controls as the two men made the first flight to the North Pole. However, in 1996 it was revealed that Byrd's long-hidden diary's solar sextant data consistently contradict his June 1926 report's parallel data by over 100 miles (160 km).


The first consistent, verified, and scientifically convincing attainment of the North Pole was on May 12, 1926, by Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen and his US sponsor Lincoln Ellsworth from the Italian built airship Norge.


The first confirmed men to set foot at the Geographic North Pole were Aleksandr Kuznetsov's Sever-2 expedition. The party flew on three planes (pilots Ivan Cherevichnyy, Vitaly Maslennikov and Ilya Kotov) from Kotelny Island to the North Pole and landed there on April 23, 1948.  Cherevichnyy's plane was the first one to land at 4:44pm (Moscow Time, UTC+04:00)

Soundings made by the Sever-2 expedition were the first to indicate an underwater mountain ridge beneath the ice and water at the North Pole.

The US submarine Nautilus became the first vessel to cross the North Pole underwater on August 3, 1958. The mission was known as "Operation Sunshine."

The Soviet nuclear-powered icebreaker Arktika completed the first surface vessel journey to the North Pole on August 17, 1977.

Icebreaker Arktika,.By RIA Novosti archive, Wikipedia

On May 1, 1978 Japan's Naomi Uemura, travelling by dog sled, becomes the first person to reach the North Pole alone.

FUN NORTH POLE FACTS

There is a star, called the North Star or Polaris, that is always in the sky above the North Pole. People can tell how far north they are by seeing how high the North Star appears in the sky.

At the North Pole, the Sun does not rise in December; at the South Pole, it does not set.

Because of the Earth's bulge, if you weigh 150lb at the Equator you'll weigh 151lb at the North Pole.

the North and South Poles have no official time zones. In the North, countries which have research stations follow their respective countries' times.

The North Magnetic Pole is one of two places on the Earth where its magnetic field points vertically downwards.

The North Magnetic Pole is not identical to the North Pole, which is the geographic north pole. It moves over time due to magnetic changes in the Earth's core.

Location of the North Magnetic Pole and the North Geomagnetic Pole in 2016.By Cavit - Wikipedia

The North Magnetic Pole, once located over Canada, is now in the Arctic Ocean and is wandering slowly towards Russia.

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