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Wednesday, 21 December 2011

Avocado

The avocado, is believed to have originated in the state of Puebla, Mexico.

The word “avocado” comes from the Spanish word aguacate, which is from the Nahuatl word ahuacatl.

Affter large animals went extinct, such as the mammoth, avocados had no method of seed dispersal, which would have lead to their extinction without early human farmers.

European sailors on their way to the New World used avocados in place of butter.

The first written record in English of the use of the word 'avocado' was by Hans Sloane in a 1696 index of Jamaican plants.

The plant was introduced to Indonesia in 1750, Brazil in 1809, South Africa and Australia in the late 1800s, and the the eastern Mediterranean in 1908.

The Hass Avocado Board says 71.4 million pounds of avocados -- that's 142 million avocados -- were consumed during the 2012 Super Bowl.

Hass avocado

Mexico produces most of the world's avocados. The states that produce the most are México, Morelos, Nayarit, Puebla, and Michoacan, which accounts for 86% of the total.

It is estimated that the Mexico drug cartels make $152 million per year from growing and selling avocados.

The main US producer of the avocado is California, with more than 6,000 groves accounting for about 90% of the fruit's crops.

Eighty per cent per cent of all avocados in shops are descended from one tree grown by a postman and amateur horticulturist Rudolph Hass in 1926. The tree eventually died of root rot and was cut down on September 11, 2002 at the ripe old age of 76.

A young Hass avocado sprout By Ingvar-fed - wikipedia Commons

The avocado is a climacteric fruit, which matures on the tree, but ripens off the tree. As long as the climate is agreeable, farmers can leave the avocados on the tree for months at a time, using the trees themselves as a sort of storage facility to keep the crop rotating and perpetually in season.

Avocado trees do not self-pollinate; they need another avocado tree close by to bear fruit.

An avocado serving size is 50 calories, which works out to be three thin slices or two tablespoons mashed.

About three-quarters of the edible calories in an avocado are pure fat.

Avocados contain an agent that can help treat acute myeloid leukemia, a rare and deadly form of cancer.

Avocado leaves, bark, and fruit contain Persin, which is toxic to cats, dogs, rabbits, horses and basically all pets. Birds and rodents are especially sensitive to avocado poisoning,

The avocado stands so far above other fruits in terms of fat-per-fruit that it really should stand in a class all its own.

The avocado is also called an Alligator Pear because of its pear-like shape and it's bumpy green skin.


About 75% of an avocado's energy comes from fat, most of which is mostly heart-healthy monounsaturated fat. The avocado contains more fat-per-unit than any other fruit. The closest competitor to the avocado is the olive.

Chipotle uses about 97,000 pounds of avocado every day.

The French word "avocat" means both "lawyer" and "avocado."

Source www.mindbodygreen.com

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