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Saturday, 22 August 2015

Indonesia

HISTORY

When Marco Polo reached Indonesia he saw a rhinoceros, thought it was a unicorn, and was really disappointed about how ugly it was.

Before the colonial Dutch came in the 1596, Indonesia was made up of many kingdoms in constant warfare. Indonesia was ruled by the Netherlands from the 17th century until World War II.

The city of Surakarta, Central Java was founded on the banks of Bengawan Solo River on February 18, 1745, and became the capital of the Kingdom of Surakarta.


Mount Tambora in Indonesia began one of the most violent volcanic eruptions in recorded history in 1815, killing at least 71,000 people, and affecting worldwide temperatures for the next two years.

The most powerful volcanic eruption in recorded history began on August 26, 1883 on Krakatoa, a small, volcanic island west of Sumatra in Indonesia. Heard 3,000 miles away, the explosions threw five cubic miles of earth 50 miles into the air, created 120-foot tsunamis and killed 36,000 people.


During World War II, the Japanese drove out the Dutch and took control of Indonesia. After Japan surrendered in the war, Indonesia claimed its independence. At 10 o'clock on August 17, 1945, Sukarno read Indonesia's Declaration of Independence in Jakarta.

From 1800-1949, Indonesia was known as the Dutch (or Netherlands) East Indies.

Official Portrait of President Sukarno.

Sukarno later became Indonesia's first President serving his country from 1945 to 1967. He led Indonesians in resisting Dutch re-colonization efforts via diplomatic and military means until the Dutch acknowledgment of Indonesian independence in 1949.

Indonesia's Independence Day is celebrated every year on August 17th as a national holiday.

The Flag of Indonesia is a simple bicolour with two equal horizontal bands, red (top) and white (bottom). It was introduced and hoisted in public at the Indonesian Declaration of Independence on August  17, 1945 in Pegangsaan Timur street in Jakarta, and again when the Dutch formally transferred sovereignty exactly five years later,


Monaco's flag  is the same but less wide. Poland’s is the same but upside down.

The 30 September Movement attempted a coup against the Indonesian government on September 30, 1965. The rebellion was crushed by the military under Suharto and led to a mass anti-communist purge, with over 500,000 people killed.

On February 22, 1967, Sukarno announced he would resign from the presidency, and on March 12th he was stripped of his remaining power and Suharto was named acting president. Sukarno was placed under house arrest in Bogor Palace; little more was heard from him, and he died in June 1970.

Suharto was the second President of Indonesia, holding the office for 31 years from the ousting of Sukarno in 1967 until his resignation in 1998.

FUN INDONESIA FACTS

It has 18,307 islands. of which 922 are permanently inhabited. Indonesia is the world’s largest country comprised solely of islands.

Because of all those islands, Indonesia’s coast is about 34,000 miles long, the world’s second longest coastline after Canada.

Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world with a population of 238,452,952 (2004 est.) Half of the population lives in Java.

The official language of Indonesia is Bahasa Indonesia, but a total of 737 languages are spoken throughout Indonesia, many of them confined to remote tribal groups.

The religion that most Indonesians follow is Islam. Although formally not an Islamic country. Indonesia has the largest Muslim population on earth.

2% of Indonesians will be smoking by the age of 4.

In Indonesia there is a superstition that staying in the bathroom too long makes you look old.


The world's most expensive coffee is Kopi Luak. It is made from beans excreted by the luak (palm civet) of Indonesia.

Drink-driving is not illegal in Indonesia.

Indonesia has won seven gold medals at the Olympics, all for Badminton.

Source Daily Express 

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