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Sunday, 22 April 2012

Basketball

HISTORY OF BASKETBALL

A similar game to basketball was played by the Olmecs in Mexico in 1000 BC.

Basketball was invented on December 21, 1891 by Canadian YMCA trainer James Naismith. He set out to invent a game to occupy students between the football and baseball seasons. Naismith nailed two peach baskets on opposite ends of the YMCA International Training School (later named Springfield College) in Massachusetts and instructed his students to toss soccer balls into them. Half-bushel peach baskets were used at first, thus providing the name "basketball." He first published his basketball rules on January 15, 1892.

The original 1891 "Basket Ball" court in Springfield College. It used a peach basket attached to the wall.
Before finishing his education, earning a doctorate, and inventing the sport basketball, Dr. James Naismith was a high school dropout.

Basketball immediately became popular. At nearby Buckingham Grade School, the women instructors wanted to try it out themselves. They were granted permission but with the one proviso that they did so in private. The result was that not only did they become enthusiastic fans of the sport but one of them - Maude - attracted Dr Naismith's attention so much that they were married soon afterwards.

The first college basketball game took place in Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania in 1893 when Geneva College defeated the New Brighton YMCA.

The original basketball peach basket was closed at the bottom; a ladder was needed to recover the ball.

The peach-basket was replaced by a metal one and in 1906 by open loops fixed on a pole or board, ten feet (3 m) above the ground. This dispensed with the ladder that had been necessary until then to retrieve the ball from the basket.

Repeated bouncing of the ball (dribbling) was illegal in Naismith's original rules.

Naismith's original 13 rules were constantly changed and not until 1934 were they finally standardized.

Basketball was televised for the first time when the University of Pittsburgh's win against Fordham University at Madison Square Garden was shown by NBC station W2XBS on February 28, 1940.



The first game in the history of the American Basketball Association was played on October 13, 1967. The Anaheim Amigos lost to the Oakland Oaks 134-129 in Oakland, California.


In 1980 the NBA Board of Governors voted to make the 3-point goal a permanent part of pro basketball. They drew the 3-point line at 23 feet 9 inches.

BASKETBALL RECORDS

The lowest scoring game in the NBA was played on November 22, 1950. The Fort Wayne Pistons (later the Detroit Pistons) defeated the Minneapolis Lakers (later the Los Angeles Lakers) 19-18.

The United States suffered its first loss of an Olympic basketball game on September 10, 1972 in a disputed match against the Soviet Union at the Olympic Games in Munich, Germany. The Americans had won the previous seven gold medals, since the sport began Olympic play in 1936. and was favored to win another at the 1972 Summer Olympics. The Soviets won the game by a single point, making the winning basket as time expired and igniting vociferous American objections questioning the legitimacy of the final play.



The Philadelphia 76ers hold the record for most defeats in a season with 73 during their 1972-1973 season.

In 1977 University of Cincinnati guard Brian Williams roared in for a dunk but misjudged the distance and missed everything -- except the head of referee Darrin Brown. It's the only known slam-dunk air ball in basketball history.

Detroit Pistons beat Denver Nuggets by 186-184 in triple overtime on December 13, 1983, the highest scoring game in NBA history.

The Golden State Warriors beat the Denver Nuggets 162-158 in the highest scoring regulation game ever on November 2, 1990. Golden State’s Run TMC crew – Tim Hardaway, Mitch Richmond and Chris Mullin combined for 99 points: 38 for Mullin, 32 for Hardaway and 29 for Richmond.


On December 17 1991, the Cleveland Cavaliers beat the Miami Heat 148-80, the largest margin of victory in an NBA game.

With his 1000th win with the Utah Jazz, Jerry Sloan becomes the first coach in NBA history to reach the mark with one team on November 7, 2008. Sloan also holds the record for coaching one team longer than anyone in NBA history. The 2009–10 season was his 22nd season (and 21st full season) as coach of the Jazz.

FUN BASKETBALL FACTS

Basketball is the national sort of Lithuania and Georgia. It is the summer national sport in Latvia, where ice hockey is the winter national sport.

Basketball has been included at every Olympics since 1936 and was a demonstration sport in 1904.

North Korea has developed its own scoring system for the game: three points for a dunk, four points for a three pointer that doesn't touch the rim, and eight points for a basket scored in the final three seconds.

Hospital emergency rooms in the US in 2011 treated 249,650 cases aged 12-17 for injuries sustained by playing basketball.  Among all sports, only American Football causes more injuries.

Air Jordans were banned from the NBA. Michael Jordan wore them anyway and had Nike pay the fines.

Sigourney Weaver made the behind-the-back, half-court basketball shot successfully on the very first take in the 1997 movie Alien: Resurrection after two weeks of basketball tutoring.

Players in the US National Basketball Association (NBA) are said to be on average the world’s best paid sportsmen.

A basketball hoop is 18 inches in diameter.


There's a basketball court above the Supreme Court. It's known as the Highest Court in the Land.

Shooting free throws in basketball underhanded, or "granny style," is statistically more effective, but players don't do it because it doesn't look cool.

Sources Europress Encyclopedia, Daily Express

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