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Monday, 23 April 2012

Bath

Archimedes discovered the Archimedian principle when he stepped into his bath and perceived the displaced water overflowing.

According to records of payment made to King John (1166-1216)'s bath attendant, William Aquarius, the king bathed on average about once every three weeks, which cost a considerable sum of 5d to 6d each, suggesting an elaborate and ceremonial affair. Although this may seem barbaric by modern standards, it was civilised compared to monks who were expected to bathe three times a year, with the right not to bathe at all if they so chose.

Frederick II (1194 – 1250), the Holy Roman Emperor was the first European of this era to take a daily bath.

Isabella I  of Castille (1451-1504) had two baths in her life. One when she was born and one on the eve of her wedding to Ferdinand II of Aragon.

In the 1500s baths consisted of a big tub filled with hot water. The man of the house had the privilege of the nice clean water, Then all the other sons and men, then the women and finally the children. Last of all the babies. By then the water was so dirty you could actually lose someone in it. Hence the saying, "Don't throw the baby out with the bath water!"

Henry VIII created the Great Garden at Whitehall Palace in the mid-1540s. It had a screen installed to ensure that passers by would not see the King of England in his bathtub.

By the late 16th century, the European aristocracy were beginning to use soap for washing the body. However as having a bath was still not a regular occurrence the use of soap for ablutions is still fairly rare, especially for the common folk who couldn't afford it.

Elizabeth I (1533 – 1603) of England had a bath every three months whether she needed it or not according to a courtier. This was against the advice of her physician.

The French king Louis XIV (1638 – 1715) had had his first bath when he was christened and he has only taken two more baths in the rest of his life both under protest. 

At the turn of the 18th century, the man took the first bath in a tub of water, then his wife and children. The baby was last. Hence the expression: "Don't throw the baby out with the bath water."


In the Victorian era, people used rocking bathtubs--literally, tubs of water that could be sloshed back and forth--to recreate the feel of the ocean in their homes. 

There were over 25,000 Chinese working on the American railroads. They bathed and changed their clothes between meals. The Americans at this time only bathed once or twice a year.

William Howard Taft (1857 – 1930), the obese 27th President of the United States, had a bathtub that could hold four people installed in the White House because he couldn't fit into the present one.


Until the post-war era homes in Japan had no baths - people went to communal baths instead.

In Japan, baths, known as of 'ofuro' are deep, short and made of wood. People wash before entering one, as bathing is seen as a leisure activity. 

The inventor of the ATM, John Shepherd-Barron, was lying in the bath when the idea of a cash dispenser occurred to him.

The world’s oldest animal, Jonathan the Seychelles giant tortoise who lives on the island of Saint Helena, was given his first ever bath in 2016.  A loofah and soft brushes were used to protect his shell.

Virginia law forbids bathtubs in the house; tubs must be kept in the yard.


If everyone in the world took a daily bath, our entire supply of fresh water would be get dirty in a single day

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