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Sunday, 13 May 2012

Bebop

Bebop was a modern jazz style characterized by ever-shifting chord changes.

It was developed in the early 1940s by Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, Kenny Clarke, and Thelonious Monk and other black musicians reacting against swing music.

According to Dizzy Gillespie, the audiences coined the name after hearing him scat the then-nameless tunes to his players and the press ultimately picked it up, using it as an official term: "People, when they'd wanna ask for those numbers and didn't know the name, would ask for bebop."


Many bop pieces were played at the fastest tempos yet heard in jazz. Bop featured many-noted solos and unusual, quickly changing harmonies.

The classic bebop combo consisted of saxophone, trumpet, bass, drums, and piano. This was a format used (and popularized) by both Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie in their 1940s groups and recordings.

Even though bebop was difficult to sing, a few vocalists such as Sarah Vaughan had the necessary control and wide voice range.

The famous jazz musician Miles Davis started out as a teenager playing bebop with the saxophonist giant Charlie Parker.

 

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