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Sunday, 1 July 2012

Bering Strait

The Bering Strait lies between Alaska and Siberia, linking the North Pacific and Arctic oceans.

It is named after Danish explorer Vitus Bering, who led several expeditions to determine whether the continents of Asia and America were joined. In 1741 he sailed from Ohkotsk towards the American continent, discovering Alaska. He died on Avatcha (now Bering Island) in the Bering Sea, which are also named after him.

Fossils and other remains suggest that the first Americans crossed the Bering Strait (which at the time was dry land) from Asia between 20000 and 40000 years ago.

Lying in the middle of the Bering Strait, Russia's Big Diomede Island and the U.S.'s Little Diomede Island are only two miles apart.

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