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Sunday, 3 March 2013


The British protectorate of Bechuanaland declared its independence on September 30, 1966, and became the Republic of Botswana. Seretse Khama took office as the first President.

The flag of Botswana  was adopted in 1966 to replace the Union Jack. Its colors carry cultural, political, and regional meanings. The light blue represents rain water, which is a precious resource in Botswana. The black band with the white frame symbolizes the harmony and cooperation between the people of different races who live in Botswana, as well as the racial diversity of the country. Furthermore, they represent the stripes of the zebra, the national animal of Botswana.

Batswana is the word used for many citizens of Botswana. One citizen is a motswana.

English is the official language while Setswana is considered the national language. Tjikalanga is commonly spoken in northeastern Botswana.

In the !Xoo language of Botswana and Namibia, spoken by about 4,000 people, there are 112 distinct sounds (there are about 40 in English). The ! at the start of !Xoo represents one of the five basic click sounds in the language.

Botswana is a landlocked country 581 730, square kilometres in extent. It is roughly the size of France

Botswana has a population of just over 1.8 million people. Its population density is under four people per square kilometre.

The Kalahari Desert covers 70 per cent of Botswana.

The majority of the people live on the eastern side of the country.

Botswana is the world’s third-biggest diamond producer, behind Russia and Canada. Most of the diamonds in the country are mined by Debswana- a company in which DeBeers owns 50% of the shares and the Government of Botswana the other 50% .

Jwaneng Diamond Mine, in the south of the country, is the richest diamond mine in the world.

The official currency of Botswana is the pula which gets its name from a local word for rain. Because of the scarcity of rain in Botswana, pula also means blessing or luck and the word pula is the national motto of the country.

Botswana was never actually been colonised. It was a protectorate of Britain only after three chiefs from Botswana travelled to England to request such an arrangement.

17% of the country is protected wildlife area, more than the internationally recommended 10%.

The capital is Gaborone. Pronounced Ha-bo-ro-nee.

The kgotla system is entrenched in Setswana culture and is based on a system of democracy and free speech were every person in attendance has the right to speak their mind.

The current president is President Ian Khama. He is the son to the first president of Botswana, Sir Seretse Khama. His mother was a white British woman. President Ian Khama is also paramount chief of the largest tribe in the country the Bamangwato.

When a child loses a tooth they throw their tooth on the roof and say “Mr. Moon, Mr. Moon, please bring me a new tooth.”

A popular relish is made of onions, chicken stock, and tomato sauce. Goats and chickens are raised for meat. Cattle are slaughtered only for special occasions.

The Makgadikadi Pans are the largest salt pans in the world with an area of about 12 000 sq km.

The Okavango delta is the largest inland delta in the world covering about 15 000 km2.

The border between Botswana and Zambia is at 700m known as the shortest border between two fully independent countries.

The coat of arms of Botswana is based on a shield supported by two zebras. One zebra is also holding an elephant's tusk, the other a stalk of millet.

Farmers in Botswana have started painting eyes on their cows bottoms to stop lions from attacking them.

Sources,,,, Daily Express

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