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Sunday, 15 June 2014

Commonwealth

The Commonwealth is a voluntary association of 53 countries which were part of the British Empire before they became independent.

The Commonwealth had its origins in the British Empire but its latest members, Rwanda and Mozambique, were never part of the Empire.

The word ‘commonwealth’ comes from ‘common weal’, a 16th-century term for the common well-being.

The first British ‘Commonwealth’ was the term given to Cromwell’s government of England after the execution of Charles I in 1649.

In the 18th century, the British Empire covered 20% of the world and contained one quarter of the world’s population

Lord Roseberry in 1884 was the first to call the British Empire a ‘commonwealth of nations’ during a visit to Australia.

The "Census of the British Empire" revealed on March 24, 1906 that Britain ruled 23% of the world's population.

At its zenith in the early 1920s, the British Empire Union flag flew over 21 per cent of the planet’s land area.


Originally, it was called the British Commonwealth of Nations, which was founded in 1926 when the British Empire began to break-up.

The Commonwealth Games began as the British Empire Games in Hamilton, Canada, in 1930.

The total population of all the 53 countries of the Commonwealth is about 2.245 billion. This is almost a third of the population of the whole world.

These 53 countries cover an area of 12.1 million square miles., which is about 21 % of the total land area of the world.

Tuvalu is the smallest member, with only 11,000 people.

Sources Daily Express, Wikipedia

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