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Thursday, 18 December 2014


The River Nile has fed waterways to maintain life in Egypt since the earliest times. The world’s first canal was built in Egypt in around 4000BC.

In 1168AD, Fustat, the then-capital of Egypt was ordered to be burnt to the ground by its own vizier to stop it falling into the hands of the crusaders.

A railway line built between Alexandria on the Mediterranean coast and Kafr el-Zayyat on the Rosetta branch of the Nile was opened in 1854. It was the first railway in the Ottoman Empire as well as Africa and the Middle East.

In 1875 an Egyptian financial crisis enabled Benjamin Disraeli to buy 44% holding in Suez Canal Company for Britain and thus secured the country great influence in the running of Egypt.

Egypt has been an independent country since 1922.

Gamal Abdel Nasser became President of Egypt on June 23, 1956. He was elected by 99.9 per cent of the electorate, helped by the fact that he was the only candidate. Nasser held the post until his death in 1970.

Gamal Abdel Nasser

The Egyptian presidential election that was held on September 7, 2005, was the first allegedly contested presidential election in Egypt's history. Hosni Mubarak, the former President of Egypt, won a fifth consecutive six-year term in office, with official results showing he won 88.6% of the vote.

Egypt is the most populated country in the Middle East, and the third most populous on the African continent, with about 84 million inhabitants as of 2013

Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in Africa with a metropolitan population of over 19 million.

Unhappiness among many Egyptians with the autocratic rule of 30-year President Hosni Mubarak boiled over on January 25 2011 when over 20,000 protesters entered the streets of Cairo protesting over Egypt's government. The protests continued for several weeks and hundreds were killed and/or wounded as both anti and pro-government demonstrators clashed. The diverse mass protest movement ultimately forced longtime president Hosni Mubarak from office.

Tahrir Square protestsers on February 9. By Jonathan Rashad - Flickr, CC BY 2.0, $3

The spoken languages are: Egyptian Arabic (68%), Sa'idi Arabic (29%).

An estimated 90% of the population are identified as Muslim, 9% as Coptic Christians and 1% as other Christian denominations.

The Giza Necropolis is Egypt's most popular tourist destination since antiquity, and was popularised in Hellenistic times when the Great Pyramid was listed by Antipater of Sidon as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Today it is the only one of those wonders still in existence.

Egypt has compulsory military service for males, but only if they have a brother. If they have no siblings or only a sister, they are exempt.

Fesikh is a national Egyptian fish dish, usually made of fermented and salt-dried gray mullet fish. Fesikh is usually eaten in Sham Ennessim, a spring festival that dates back to ancient times in Egypt, where Fesikh was first made.

Under Egyptian law, belly-dancers must have their navel covered when they perform.

Source Wikipedia

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