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Thursday, 26 February 2015

Francis II of France

Francis was born January 19, 1544 at the Château de Fontainebleau, France. He was born eleven years after the wedding of his parents' Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici.

Having failed to produce any children in the first decade of her marriage, Catherine de' Medici wenr on to bear four siblings for Francis., Elizabeth of Valois, Charles IX of France, Henry III of France and Margaret of Valois.

Francis II of France

When the Dauphin Francis was three, his father Henry II, agreed to unite France and Scotland by marrying him to the Scottish Queen, Mary Queen Of Scots. She was two years older than him.

With her marriage agreement in place, Mary was sent to France in 1548, at the age of five, to be brought up for the next ten years at the French court.

The 14-year-old Francis married Mary Queen of Scots at Notre Dame in Paris on April 24, 1558.

Francis ascended the throne of France at the age of fifteen after the accidental death of his father, Henry II, on July 10, 1559.

The king and his spouse Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots (painted around 1558).

The fragile Francis II suffered from reoccurring headaches and dizzy spells. In addition he had a face swollen with boils and a constantly runny nose.

In France Jean Nicot used tobacco to cure Francis II of headaches, so it acquired the name nicotine.

The health of the king deteriorated in November 1560. After returning from a cold November days hunting he complained of a pain in his heart. After only 17 months on the throne, Francis II died on December 5, 1560 in Orléans, Loiret.

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