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Friday, 9 October 2015


When Emily Murphy became an Edmonton, Canada, judge in 1916, she was the first woman appointed to the bench in the British Empire.

James B. Parsons became the first African American man to be confirmed as a judge in a U.S. District Court on August 30, 1961 when he was appointed to United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. He served as chief judge from 1975 to 1981, assuming senior status in August 1981, and serving until his death in office.

On October 2, 1967, Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as the first African-American Supreme Court Justice. He was the 96th person to hold the position. Marshall retired from the Supreme Court in 1991 due to declining health.

Thurgood Marshall

Rose Heilbron became the first female judge to sit at the Old Bailey in London, England, on January 4, 1972.

President Reagan announced in 1981 that he was nominating Arizona Judge Sandra Day O'Connor (see below) to become the first female justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.

Judge Judy earns $47 million a year, while a Supreme Court judge earns $244,000.

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