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Tuesday, 19 January 2016


In 1532, a group of Spanish conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro defeated the Inca ruler Atahualpa and took over his Empire. Pizarro chose the Rímac valley as the location for the capital of the lands he'd conquered for the Spanish Crown. Ciudad de los Reyes (City of the Kings) (present-day Lima) was founded on January 18, 1535.

The National University of San Marcos, the oldest continuously functioning university in the Americas, was founded in Lima, on May 12, 1551.

Oil painting commemorating the foundation of the University of Lima (later named San Marcos), 

During the next century Lima flourished as the center of an extensive trade network which integrated the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru with the rest of the Americas, Europe and the Far East. The resulting economic prosperity of the city was reflected in its rapid growth, population expanded from about 25,000 in 1619 to an estimated 80,000 in 1687.

A powerful earthquake destroyed most of the city buildings in 1687. The earthquake marked a turning point in the history of Lima as it coincided with a recession in trade and growing economic competition with other cities such as Buenos Aires.

José de San Martín proclaimed Peruvian independence in Lima on July 28, 1821 following the War of Independence. Lima was chosen as the capital of the new Republic of Peru.

José de San Martín proclaiming independence in Lima on July 28, 1821. Painting by Juan Lepiani

Lina Medina was the youngest confirmed mother in medical history, giving birth at the age of five years, seven months and 17 days. Medina's son was born by cesarean section in a Lima hospital in 1939.

The world's worst football riot occurred in 1964 during a Peru v Argentina match in Lima after an unpopular decision by the referee. It ended with 300 fans killed and more than 500 injured.

Riots broke out in Lima, on February 5, 1975 after the police forces went on strike the day before. The uprising (locally known as the Limazo) was bloodily suppressed by the military dictatorship.

Peru is three four-letter countries with a four-letter capital (Lima). Fiji (capital, Suva) and Togo (Lomé) also share that distinction.

With a population of almost 10 million, Lima is the most populous metropolitan area of Peru, (Around one-third of the Peruvian population live there)

Lima is the third largest city in the Americas, just behind São Paulo and Mexico City.

Lima is considered the gastronomical capital of Latin America because its inherited traditions from pre-Hispanic and colonial cultures blended with Western and oriental cooking.

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