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Friday, 29 January 2016

Literature

Ancient Egyptian literature was written in the Egyptian language from Ancient Egypt's pharaonic period until the end of Roman domination. Along with Sumerian literature, it is considered the world's earliest literature. Writing in Ancient Egypt first appeared in the late 4th millennium BC.
The earliest known work of literature is the Epic of Gilgamesh an epic poem from ancient Mesopotamia. It was written about the time of Haminurabi, that is the eighteenth century BC. 

The Deluge tablet of the Gilgamesh epic in Akkadian
Blank verse, poetry without rhymes was characteristic of the greatest English literature of the 16th and 17th centuries. The most frequently used form was the iambic pentameter – a line of five feet or ten syllables, theoretically stressed on every other syllable but in practice much more fluid. First used in the 1540s, it became the standard line of Christopher Marlowe, William Shakespeare and John Milton in his longer poems
A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens was his first unserialized work of literature and sold 15,000 copies within the first year of publication.
According to the Guinness Book of World Records, the current longest sentence in English literature is 13,955 words, in Jonathan Coe's The Rotters Club. The book was inspired by Bohumil Hrabal's Dancing Lessons for the Advanced in Age: a Czech language novel that consisted of one great sentence.

By Source, Fair use, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?curid=17974579

Swedish author Selma Lagerlöf became the first female writer on December 10, 1909 to win the Nobel Prize in Literature. She was awarded it, "in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings".

Selma Lagerlöf receives the Nobel Prize in Literature. Illustration from Svenska Dagbladet, 11 December 1909.
Literature was part of an Arts competition during the 1912 Stockholm Olympics; there were medals in painting, sculpture, and town planning.

France has won more Nobel Prizes for Literature than any other country with 15 awards. The UK and USA share second place on ten each.

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