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Sunday, 1 May 2016

Melbourne

Settlers from the British Crown colony of Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania) landing on the north banks of the Yarra River in Southern Australia founded the city of Melbourne on August 30, 1835.

The settlement was established by a party led by John Pascoe Fawkner at the site of the current Melbourne Immigration Museum. Another group led by John Batman arrived two days later and the two parties ultimately agreed to share the settlement.

Artist's impression of the signing of Batman's Treaty

It was originally named Batmania after Batman. However, in 1837 the settlement was named "Melbourne" after the British Prime Minister, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, by the Governor of New South Wales, Sir Richard Bourke.

Melbourne Landing, 1840; watercolour by W. Liardet (1840)

Batman farmed at Batman's Hill, an area now covered by the Spencer Street railway yards. He was an alcoholic and had advanced syphilis, and died young in 1839.

Fawkner had a long career in the colony. He opened Melbourne's first hotel on the corner of William St and Flinders Lane and founded the Melbourne Advertiser, the city's first newspaper,

During the Victorian gold rush of the 1850s, Melbourne was transformed into one of the world's largest and wealthiest cities. Thousands poured into the area each week during the gold rush. requiring temporary accommodation resulting in South Melbourne becoming "Canvas Town",

"Canvas Town", South Melbourne in the 1850s .

After the federation of Australia in 1901, Melbourne served as the interim seat of government for the newly created nation until 1927.

Melbourne was the host city for the 1956 Summer Olympic Games. It was the first Olympic Games held outside of Europe and the United States.

The Melbourne Dust Storm hit Australia's second largest city on February 8, 1983. The result of the worst drought on record and a day of severe weather conditions, a 1,050 feet (320 metres) deep dust cloud that enveloped Melbourne, turning day to night.


Melbourne is the second largest city in Australia. It has a population of 4,347,955 as of 2013 and its inhabitants are called Melburnians.


43% of the people living in Melbourne were born outside Australia or have parents from another country.

In Melbourne, singing an obscene ballad is punishable by six months in prison.

Melbourne has the largest tram network in the world.

Melbourne's most popular tram stop is Federation Square, used by 47,000 people every day.

Much of Australia's automotive industry is in Melbourne, including the engine maker Holden, and Ford and Toyota car manufacturers .

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