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Sunday, 16 April 2017

Pot (cooking)

Pottery originated before the Neolithic period. The earliest example we have is from eastern Europe, dating to around 25,000 years ago. The development of pottery allowed for the creation of fireproof cooking vessels in a variety of shapes and sizes. Coating the earthenware with some type of plant gum, and later glazes, converted the porous container into a waterproof vessel.

By 7000BC clay pots for storing grain and other possessions were becoming important in the Middle East. It was around this period that a crude, soft earthenware type of pottery arrived at Catalhüyük, on the Anatolian Plateau of Turkey. This meant women now had pots they could soak and cook grain in water and wash up.

The Romans used terracotta pots in water fanned by slaves to cool their food.

The Jews used metal pots and pans. To extract the meat from the big pots, in which food destined to be offered to God was prepared, they use a big two-pronged fork.

Two cooking pots (Grapen) from medieval Hamburg circa 1200-1400 AD

In Colonial America, a cast-iron pot with a rim in the lid to hold coals was in common use. It' was called a "Dutch oven" and was used to bake bread, roast meats and make stews.

In 1917 San Francisco aluminium pot salesman Ed Cox, invented a pre-soaped pad with which to clean pots. As a way of introducing himself to potential new customers, Cox made the soap incrusted steel-wool pads as a calling card. These pads quickly became more popular than his pots and pans, so he gave up selling pots and concentrated on manufacturing the cleaning product. They still did not have a name until his wife came up with a solution. She had called them S.O.S pads in her kitchen, meaning "Save Our Saucepans."

An S.O.S Soap Pad. The soap is the blue substance seen in the pad.

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