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Sunday, 1 December 2013


The site of Canberra was selected for the location of Australia's capital in 1908 as a compromise between rivals Sydney and Melbourne, Australia's two largest cities.

Canberra was named at a ceremony on March 12, 1913 by Lady Denman, the wife of the then Governor-General Lord Denman.

King O'Malley, who was the politician who arranged the competition for a design for Canberra, drove the first survey peg to mark commencement of work on the construction of  the city in 1913. Building was delayed by World War I.

Melbourne remained temporary capital until 1927 while the new capital was under construction.

Canberra from Mount Ainslie. By Jason Tong - Wikipedia

Prime Minister of Australia Robert Menzies opened the artificial Lake Burley Griffin in the middle of Canberra on October 17, 1964.

The National Library as seen from the lake in autumn. By Leo Bild -  Wikipedia

Canberra is unusual among Australian cities, being an entirely planned city outside of any state, similar to the American Federal District of Columbia.

With a population of 367,000, it is Australia's largest inland city and the eighth-largest city overall.

In 1996 Canberra was the first city in the world to set a vision of no waste by 2010. The strategy aimed to achieve a waste-free society by 2010, through the combined efforts of industry, Government and community. By early 2010, it was apparent that the ACT Government initiative had failed.

Canberra Day is a public holiday held annually on the second Monday in March in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) to celebrate the official naming of Canberra.

Source Wikipedia

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