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Saturday, 28 November 2015

The Kremlin

Kremlin is the Russian word for "fortress", "citadel" or "castle". It refers to a medieval Russian fortress, usually built at a strategic point along a river and separated from the surrounding parts of its adjoining city by a wall with a moat, ramparts, towers, and battlements.

The best known kremlin, the Moscow Kremlin, dates back to 1156. Originally constructed of wood, it was rebuilt in brick in the 14th century but lost its importance as a fortress in the 1620s.

The Kremlin walls as they now appear were built between 1485 and 1495.

The Moscow Kremlin served as the center of Russian government until 1712 and again after 1918.

The Kremlin in Moscow houses four cathedrals and five palaces.

Forty-seven czars are buried within the Kremlin.

The word 'Kremlin' is also used as a metonym to refer to the government of the Russian Federation in a similar sense to how the White House is used to refer to the Executive Office of the President of the United States.

Source Comptons Encyclopedia 

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