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Tuesday, 26 July 2016

Mozambique

HISTORY

Vasco de Gama landed at what is now Mozambique on his way to India on March 2, 1498.

The area was colonized by Portugal from 1505. After over four centuries of Portuguese rule, Mozambique gained independence on June 25, 1975, becoming the People's Republic of Mozambique shortly thereafter.

Mozambique was plagued from 1977 to 1992 by a long and violent civil war between the opposition forces of anti-Communist Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO) rebel militias and the FRELIMO regime.

The flag of Mozambique was adopted on May 1, 1983. It includes the image of an AK-47 assault rifle with a bayonet attached to the barrel. It is one of only two national flags of UN member states to feature a firearm, the other being Guatemala.


The President of Mozambique Samora Machel and 43 others were killed on October 19, 1986 when his presidential aircraft crashed in the Lebombo Mountains just inside the border of South Africa.

In 1995, Mozambique joined the Commonwealth of Nations, becoming, at the time, the only member nation that had never been part of the British Empire.

DEMOGRAPHICS AND CULTURE 

MKozambique's population of around 24 million is composed overwhelmingly of Bantu people.

 Half the people in Mozambique are under-17.

The official language of Mozambique is Portuguese. which is spoken mostly as a second language by about half of the population. Common native languages include Makhuwa, Sena, and Swahili.

Maputo is the capital and largest city of Mozambique. It is known as the City of Acacias, in reference to acacia trees commonly found along its avenues, and the Pearl of the Indian Ocean. According to the 2007 census, Iys population is 1,766,184.

A panoramic view of Maputo. By Andrew Moir - Wikipedia Commons

Mozambique has won two Olympic medals, both won by Maria de Lourdes Mutola in the women’s 800 metres, a bronze in 1996 and a gold in 2000.

In Mozambique, power lines have to be at least 12 m (39 ft) high to permit safe passage of giraffes beneath the lines.

FUN FACTS

If you spell out Mozambique in Scrabble tiles, their values add up to 34, which is more than any other one-word country.


Mozambique is the only country in the world with a one-word name that includes all five vowels.

Source Daily Express 

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