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Saturday, 5 November 2016


Oil is a greasy, inflammable chemical substance that usually does not mix with water and has a high carbon and hydrogen content.

Some oils are made from plants and used in foods and for cooking. Plant oils that people use include African oil palm, maize (corn), olive, peanut, soy, and sunflower. There are also animal-based oils such as butter and lard.

Other kinds of oil are made from crude oil (petroleum) which comes from under the ground. Oil wells are used to bring the oil up to the surface. The oil is then transported to refineries where it is distilled into fuel for heating or transportation. Oils from crude oil are also used to make lubricants.

Archaeological evidence has been found of olive oil being used for cooking near Nazareth in present day Israel back in 5800 BC, indicating that it was a diet staple 4,000 years before the time of the biblical patriarchs.

Olive oil was a most important product in the economy of the ancient Hebrews. It was used for cooking, lighting, medicinally and after bathing, the body was anointed with oil.

Olive Oil

The ancient Egyptians used sesame oil, one of the first oil to be used for cooking purposes.

Oil lamps of a crude sort have been known since pre-Roman times.

Snake oil was introduced to the US by Chinese laborers who helped build the Transcontinental Railroad. Derived from the Chinese water snake, snake oil was rich in the omega-3 acids that help reduce inflammation and was quite effective, especially when used to treat arthritis and bursitis.

Clark "The Rattlesnake King" Stanley, sold "100% Snake Oil" in the late 19th and early 20th century. It did not actually contain any snake oil. Hence the term "Snake Oil Salesman".

On August 27, 1859 petroleum was discovered in Titusville, Pennsylvania leading to the world's first commercially successful oil well.

The March 18, 1967 Torrey Canyon oil spill off the south-west coast of the United Kingdom, was at the time the world's worst oil spill. The estimated 25–36 million gallons (94–164 million litres) of crude oil that spilled into the ocean gave lift to the emerging environmental movement.

The world's worst oil spill occurred on June 3, 1979, spilling over 140 million gallons of oil into Bay of Campeche off the coast of Mexico.

Americans spill 180 million gallons of used oil per year, most of which ends up in waterways.

Whale oil was such an effective lubricant that within three years of the 1972 US whale killing ban, yearly automotive transmission failures had climbed from under 1 million, to over 8 million.

"Oil" is the favorite word of people building online dating profiles in the U.S. states of Texas, Oklahoma, and North Dakota.

In Venezuela and Saudi Arabia, oil is cheaper than water.

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