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Sunday, 4 August 2013


The Cairn of Barnenez  is a Neolithic monument located near Plouezoc'h, on the Kernéléhen peninsula in northern Finistère, Brittany (France). It dates to the early Neolithic, about 4800 BC and is considered to be the oldest building in the world.

The oldest large-scale cut stone construction still existing is the central edifice of the 4,600-year-old mastaba (a tomb for kings) built at Sakkara, Egypt. It was created to honor King Djoser, the first ruler of the Third Dynasty. Djoser's Pyramid stood 62m (203 ft) tall and was covered in polished white limestone.

Lincoln Cathedral was the tallest building in the world for two and a half centuries. It took the mantle in the early 14th century from the Great Pyramid of Giza. This lasted until 1549, when the central spire collapsed.

The tallest building in the world in 1885 was The Home Insurance Company in Chicago. It was nine stories tall.

Philadelphia City Hall was the tallest occupied building from 1901 to 1909, when New York City’s MetLife building was completed. It was actually designed to be the tallest building in the world, but both the Eiffel Tower and Washington Monument were completed before it and stood taller.

Mailing an entire building has been illegal in the US since 1916 when a man mailed a 40000-ton brick house across Utah to avoid high freight rates.

The first building to be completely covered in glass, built for the Owens-Illinois Glass Company, was completed in Toledo, Ohio in 1936.

The Pentagon is the world's largest office building. Located in Arlington, Virginia The Pentagon is about 6,500,000 sq ft (600,000 m2), of which 3,700,000 sq ft (340,000 m2) are used as offices. The headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, approximately 23,000 military and civilian employees and about 3,000 non-defense support personnel work in the building.

The Pentagon photo by David B. Gleason from Chicago, IL. Wikipedia Commons

The North Tower of the World Trade Center in Manhattan, New York was topped out at 1,368 feet (417 m) on December 23, 1970. This made it the tallest building in the world until it was surpassed by the Sears Tower in Chicago in 1973. The entire World Trade Center site was destroyed in the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.

The twin towers of the World Trade Center (New York) at night in July 2001. By Filipe Fortes from New York, 

Construction began on the Ryugyong Hotel in Pyongyang, North Korea in 1987, but the exterior wasn't completed until 2011. It is 330 metres (1,080 ft) tall and was intended to be world's tallest hotel but these days it is the tallest unoccupied building in the world.

The pinnacle was fitted on the roof of Taipei 101 on October 17, 2003. A 101-floor skyscraper in Taipei, Taiwan, it surpassed the Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur by 56 metres (184 ft) and was officially classified as the world's tallest  building in 2004, and remained such until the completion of Burj Khalifa in Dubai

Taipei 101 in Taipei, Taiwan. By Alton Thompson - 2007, Wikipedia

The construction of the world's first building to integrate wind turbines was completed in Bahrain in 2008.

The Burj Khalifa skyscraper (see below), the world's tallest building officially opened in Dubai, United Arab Emirates on January 4, 2010. It reaches the height of 829.8 metres (2,722 ft) and has 163 floors.

The Shard in Southwark, London was inaugurated as the tallest building in the European Union on July 5, 2012, with a height of 1,016 feet (309.6 metres). It opened to the public on February 1, 2013. The Shard is a 95-storey skyscraper with 72 habitable floors, a viewing gallery and open-air observation deck on the 72nd floor, at a height of 802 ft (244.3 metres). It is also the second-tallest free-standing structure in the United Kingdom, after the concrete tower at the Emley Moor transmitting station.

The Shard By © User:Colin / Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 4.0, $3

New York's One World Trade Center, the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere at 1,776 feet (541 m), opened in 2014.

The Abraj Al Bait in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, is the most expensive building in the entire world, costing $15 billion.

NASA's Vehicle Assembly Building in Florida is the biggest one-story building in the world. It's so big; rain clouds form below the ceiling.

London, New York and Paris have fake buildings on residential streets that hide subway vents and other infrastructure. These are essentially facades with no building behind them.

Traditional Japanese buildings do not use nails or glue. Instead, timbers are connected by elaborate dovetail joints.

Some buildings in Malaysia replace the 4th floor with “3A” as the sound of four (sì) is similar to the sound of death in Chinese (sĭ ).

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