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Sunday, 9 February 2014

Cavalry

Polo was first played in Persia in the 6th century BC where it was used to train cavalrymen.

The historian, Livy (59 BC-17AD), related the story of Philip V of Macedonia (238-179 BC) who gave a number of fallen cavalrymen a public funeral in the hope that this would make his army more amenable to fight.

During the exceptionally cold winter of 1795, a French Hussar regiment captured the Dutch fleet on the frozen Zuiderzee, a bay to the northwest of the Netherlands. The French seized 14 warships and 850 guns. This is one of the only times in recorded history where a cavalry has captured a fleet.

The circus developed from the riding school in European cities of the late 18th century, often under the guidance of former cavalry officers.

The first book of rules for 'Sphairistike or Lawn Tennis' was published by retired British cavalryman Major Walter Clopton Wingfield in 1873.

Before Edgar Rice Burroughs  (1875-1950)  wrote his Tarzan books, he attended the Michigan Military Academy. Burroughs was a mediocre student and flunked his examination for West Point. He ended up as an enlisted soldier with the 7th U.S. Cavalry in Fort Grant, Arizona Territory.

Giovanni Agnelli studied at a military academy, and became a cavalry officer before founding Fiat in 1899.

On 22 August 1914, a British cavalryman in the Great War fired in anger during combat, the first time that had happened on mainland Europe since the Battle of Waterloo 99 years earlier.

The October 31, 1917 World War I Battle of Beersheba featured the last successful cavalry charge in history. The Australian Mounted Division's 4th and 12th Light Horse Regiments conducted a mounted infantry charge with bayonets in their hands, capturing Beersheba and part of the Yildirim Army Group garrison as it was withdrawing.

The charge of the Australian Light Horse at Beersheba painted by George Lambert 

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