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Monday, 8 February 2016

Lobster

LOBSTERS AS FOOD

In colonial America, lobster wasn't exactly a delicacy. In fact eating lobster was considered a mark of poverty and that people would bury the shells to hide the fact that they were eating it

Lobster was so cheap and plentiful it was often served to prisoners. They also used lobster as yard fertilizer and fishing bait.

In the early 1900s, Lobster was considered the “cockroach of the ocean” and was synonymous with the poor – often eaten regularly by the homeless, slaves and prisoners. It wasn’t until after World War II that lobster became considered a delicacy and a food associated with the aristocratic classes.


George the Lobster was captured off the coast of Newfoundland in December 2008 and sold to the City Crab and Seafood restaurant in Park Avenue South for $100. He arrived at the restaurant on New Year's Eve and got his 15 minutes of fame when an animal rights group lobbied for the crustacean’s freedom. George - who was believed to be 140 years old - was released back into the ocean.

Lobster liver is called 'Tomalley' and is considered a delicacy in many places.

Lobsters don't scream in pain when you cook them. The noise you hear is air that's been trapped in the stomach and forced through the mouth.

ANATOMY

A lobster's blood is colorless but when exposed to oxygen it turns blue.

About one in every four million lobsters is born with a rare genetic defect that turns it blue.

A lobsters brain is located in its throat, its nervous system in its abdomen, its teeth in its stomach and its kidneys in its head.

The lobster hears using its legs and tastes with its feet.

Lobsters breathe with the gills at the base of their legs.

Telling the age of a lobster is difficult, but they are thought to live up to 100 years.

Lobsters tend to favor one front limb, meaning they can be right-clawed or left-clawed.

Lobsters have a large crusher claw and a smaller pincer claw. It seems equally likely that the large claw will be on the right or left side.

European lobster (Hommarus gammarus)

One lobster claw can exert pressure of up to 100 pounds per square inch.

A one-clawed lobster is called a cull. A lobster without claws is a 'pistol'.

If a lobster loses an eye, it will grow another one.

According to the Guinness World Records, the largest lobster ever caught was in Nova Scotia, Canada, weighing 44.4 pounds (20.15 kms)

BEHAVIOR

Lobsters emigrate by walking in long queues on the sea bed each holding on to the shell of the one in front to reduce water resistance.


The longest distance a deepwater lobster has been recorded to travel is 225 miles.

Lobsters shed their shells in order to grow. Female lobsters only mate after losing their shell.

After molting, a lobster often eats its own shell which is a valuable source of calcium.

Source Daily Express

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