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Saturday, 20 February 2016

LSD

LSD  is the shorter name for a drug called Lysergic acid diethylamide, which causes people who take it to witness illusions. It is often referred to by the slang name acid.

Lysergic acid diethylamide was first made by Albert Hofmann, a Swiss chemist, on November 16, 1938 from ergotamine, a chemical from the fungus, ergot.

Hofmann discovered LSD's psychedelic properties by chance on April 16, 1943 when he accidentally consumed it during medicinal research. He intentionally took the drug three days later and notoriously experienced its disorientating effect when riding his bicycle through the streets of Basel. April 19th  is now known as "Bicycle Day," after the first intentional acid trip.

Albert Hofmann, at the 50th Anniversary of LSD Conference. By Philip H. Bailey (E-mail) - Wikipedia Commons

During the Cold War, the American military and the CIA experimented with LSD (sometimes on uninformed subjects) to see whether it would be an aid in interrogation. It wasn't.


LSD became the favored psychedelic drug among the young in the 1960s, prompted by Harvard psychology professor, Timothy Leary, whose slogan about LSD: "Turn on, tune in, drop out" was adopted by the hippie movement. A number of famous rock bands, including The Beatles became known for their use of LSD, and a new genre, "acid rock," was born from the fad.

Some casual users began to experience side effects, such as "flashbacks" and psychotic symptoms and signs of depression and instability were seen. Due to the spread of LSD, the United States government banned the drug in 1967. Other countries soon followed.

he CIA created a project called “Project MK-ULTRA” in which they experimented with LSD to wipe the memories of retiring CIA agents.

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