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Wednesday, 22 March 2017

Pokémon

Pokémon is a media franchise that is owned by The Pokémon Company, a Japanese consortium between Nintendo, Game Freak, and Creatures.

The name Pokémon is the romanized contraction of the Japanese brand Pocket Monsters.

"Pokémon" is identical in both the singular and plural, as is each individual species name; it is grammatically correct to say "one Pokémon" and "many Pokémon", as well as "one Pikachu" and "many Pikachu".

HISTORY

The Pokémon franchise is based on the concept of catching, collecting, raising, trading, and battling with hundreds of different creatures. This concept was first thought of by Pokémon executive director Satoshi Tajiri, albeit with a different concept and name, around 1989 or 1990, when the Game Boy was first released.


The concept of the Pokémon universe, in both the video games and the general fictional world of Pokémon, stems from the hobby of insect collecting, a pastime which Satoshi Tajiri enjoyed as a child.

The Pokémon franchise began as a pair of video games for the original Game Boy that were developed by Game Freak and published by Nintendo on February 27, 1996.

Pokémon is now represented in many types of media and spans video games, trading card games, animated television shows and movies, comic books, and toys.

Pokémon - I Choose You!, the pilot episode of the Pokémon anime series was first broadcast in Japan on April 1, 1997 and premiered in the United States on September 8, 1998.

Ash with his newly received Pokémon; Pikachu from the pilot episode

An episode of the anime called Dennō Senshi Porygon (Electric Soldier Porygon in the United States) was first shown in Japan on December 16, 1997. One part of the episode showed quickly flashing red and blue lights, which caused 685 Japanese children to have epileptic seizures  Because of this, the anime went on a four-month break, and several laws were put in place regarding the flashing lights.

In 1998 Nintendo of America brought the series over to America. Pokémon's first stop in the country was Topeka, Kansas. For one day the city renamed itself ToPikachu in celebration of the popular species of Pokémon.

The Vatican broadcast its public approval of Pokémon in April 2001, claiming that the game was based on "intense ties of friendship" and lacked "any harmful moral side effects."

The video games have sold more copies than every other series except Nintendo's Mario series.


Pokemon is the highest-grossing media franchise of all time, beating out Star Wars by over $13 billion.

POKEMON SPECIES

Although there are 802 different species of Pokémon, most people will know of the mascot of the company, an electric mouse Pokémon known as Pikachu.

Pikachu. By Promotional press kit material for the Pokémon series. Artwork by Ken Sugimor
The Pokemon Hitmonlee and Hitmonchan are based on Bruce Lee and Jackie Chan.

If Pokémon were real, Blastoise's water cannons would shoot at Mach 4 — which would blow a hole right through a human.

Jynx, a species of Pokémon, was criticized because it looked like it was using blackface. It was especially an issue in the United States', where critics insisted that the species enforced a negative stereotype against African Americans. As a result the Jynx now has purple skin instead of black skin, and anime episodes featuring it with its old skin color have been banned.

POKEMON GO

Pokémon Go is a free-to-play, location-based augmented reality game developed by Niantic for iOS and Android devices. In the game, players use a mobile device's GPS ability to locate, capture, battle, and train Pokémon, who appear on the screen as if they were in the same real-world location as the player.


Pokémon Go got its start in an April Fool's joke by Google and The Pokemon Company in 2013, called "Pokemon Challenge".

Following the release of Pokémon Go on July 6, 2016, Nintendo's share price rose by 50%.

Pokémon Go earned an estimated $200 million in its first month for Nintendo and developer Niantic.

At the height of Pokémon Go,  several players tried sneaking into a highly classified military explosives plant in Virginia because a Charizard was reportedly located inside the arsenal.

By September 2016, Pokémon Go had been downloaded over 500 million times worldwide, and became the fastest game to make over $500 million in revenue.

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