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Tuesday, 28 March 2017

Politics

Politics is the process of making decisions applying to all members of a group of people whether it be a village, city or country. The word comes from the Greek politik√° meaning "affairs of the cities," which was originally the title of a book by Aristotle.

The 4th century BC Greek philosopher Aristotle's book Politics condensed and brought together Greek theory about a Utopian State. He wrote that humans are a political animal and that ethics and politics are closely linked. The origins of today’s political thinking lie in this work.

The Greek origin of the word "idiot" was used to mean someone who did not participate in politics and public affairs.

Niccolo Machiavelli's early 16th century book  Il Principe (The Prince) is one of the first works of modern political philosophy, in which the effective truth is taken to be more important than any abstract ideal.

Machiavelli regarded the state as the supreme end and all means to preserve it as justified with morality having nothing to do with the matter. He wrote that that politics was firstly about having and keeping power. The word "Machiavellian" has come to mean "unscrupulous" when applied to politics.

Cover page of 1550 edition of Machiavelli's Il Principe 

Thomas Hobbes published Leviathan, a book about politics, in 1651. Influenced by the anarchic society of the day Hobbes wrote that people living in groups often give up some of their rights in exchange for some protections from a government. The work promoted an absolutist government, where everybody was to give 100% obedience, as the only means of ensuing order. Hobbes claimed life without the state would be "nasty, brutish and short."

The terms 'left', 'centre' and 'right' to describe political alignment are derived from the seating arrangements of the French National Assembly during the French Revolution. The nobles took the position of honor on the President's right, and the Third Estate, representing the people, took the position on the left.

In the mid 1800s, John Stuart Mill developed the "liberal" idea of politics. Mill said that democracy is the most important political development of his time there should be more protection for individual rights against the government.

The number of representatives in the U.S. House of Representatives was established at 435 on August, 8 1911. at that time that computed as one member of Congress for every 211,877 residents.

US Senator Strom Thurmond of South Carolina set a filibuster record in the U.S. Senate on August 19, 1957. He spoke for 24 hours and 18 minutes. Thurmond took steam baths daily to dehydrate his body so he would not have to stop speaking to use the bathroom.

Strom Thurmond, c. 1961

The first European political party organization, the European Greens, was established in Rome in 2004.

Bolivia probably has the highest rate of political turnover with over 190 governments since 1825.

Here is a list of songs with political statements

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