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Sunday, 23 December 2012

Battle of Blenheim

On August 13, 1704, during the War of the Spanish Succession, the armies of John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, and Prince Eugene of Savoy, defeated the Franco-Bavarian force in the Battle of Blenheim, ending French dominance of Europe.

The opposing forces were almost equal. French marshals Tallard and Marsin commanded 60,000. The Duke of Marlborough had 56,000. But, as the attacker, he also faced far heavier losses. Marlborough lost 5,000 killed and 8,000 wounded, mostly from Prince Eugene's difficult struggles. Tallard lost 12,000 dead and 14,000 wounded, almost half of the forces he had committed.

The first dispatch from the Duke of Marlborough announcing his victory at Bleinheim after 17 hours in the saddle, was written on the back of a tavern bill. It said "Let the Queen know, her army has had a glorious victory."

Duke of Marlborough signing the Despatch at Blenheim by Robert Alexander Hillingford.

Marshal Tallard, the commander of French troops at the Battle of Blenheim, was captured by English troops and later taken to England where he was imprisoned until being repatriated in 1711.


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