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Sunday, 23 December 2012

Blindness

An Ancient Egyptian cure for blindness was to pour mashed-up pig's eye into the patient's ear.




Galileo became totally blind shortly before his death.

At the turn of the 20th century blindness was a forbidden subject in women's magazines because so many cases were related to venereal disease. However after the deaf, blind and mute American student Helen Keller graduated with honors from Radcliffe College in 1904, she began writing about the subject. 

Helen Keller


In 1905, an eye surgeon called Eduard Zirm from the small town of Olmutz in Moravia pioneered corneal grafting. This was the first successful human transplant procedure and it meant that many were able to have their sight restored to their diseased or damaged eyes.

The first guide dog training schools were established in Germany during World War I to enhance the mobility of returning veterans who were blinded in combat. 

A blind man is assisted by a guide dog in BrasĂ­lia, Brazil. By Antonio Cruz/Abr - AgĂȘncia Brasil [1], CC BY 3.0 Wikipedia Commons

Buddy, the first Seeing Eye dog in the US, was presented to Morris S. Frank on April 25, 1928. 

Jimmy Doolittle performed the first blind aircraft flight from Mitchel Field on Long Island in 1929 proving that full instrument flying from take off to landing is possible.

On March 6, 2010 a blind hiker set on the Appalachian trail with a goal to inspire other visually impaired people. Seven months later, he finished hiking the 1,700 miles using only a cellphone, GPS open-source software, and hearing to locate camps, trailheads, and water sites.

Kiwi birds are blind, they hunt only by smell. 


There are over 1,200 species of bat in the world, and not one of them is blind.

Approximately 70,000 people in the U.S. are both blind and deaf.


Blind people smile like everyone else, even though they've never seen anyone else smile. It's just a natural human expression.

Children who are born blind will cover their eyes when they hear bad news.

If you go blind in one eye, you only lose about one fifth of your vision, but all your sense of depth. 


Red is the last color to go and the first to return when people lose and regain their eyesight.

All babies are color blind when they are born.

All mammals, except man and monkey are color blind.

Source Greatfacts.

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