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Sunday, 2 June 2013

Brewery

A recipe for brewing beer from loaves of multigrain bread mixed with honey dates to approximately 4,000 years ago from ancient Mesopotamia, and is the oldest surviving beer recipe in the world.

The Weihenstephan brewery in Freising, Bavaria has been brewing beer since 1040. It is thought to be the world’s oldest brewery. The brewery claims to have been the first to use hops to flavour beer.

The origins of InBev, the world’s biggest brewer date back to 1366 at the Den Hoorn brewery in Leuven, Belgium.

Heinrich Knaust wrote the first extensive book on brewing in Germany in 1573. He described in detail about 150 different beers and called the “noble Hamburg beer the queen of all other wheat beers.”

The first commercial brewery in the New World opened in New Amsterdam on Manhattan Island in 1612 after colonists advertised in London newspapers for experienced brewers.

Harvard University, founded in 1636, ran its own brewery in colonial times and doled out cider and beer to students at every meal.

Shepherd Neame is believed to be the oldest brewery in Britain. It was founded in 1698 by the mayor of Faversham, Captain Richard Marsh. It remains a family business with a Neame still on the board.

In 1708, Sébastien Artois became head brewer at the Den Hoorn brewery in Leuven. Artois purchased the brewery and gave his name to it in 1717, as Brouwerij Artois. Stella Artois was first brewed by the Artois Brewery in 1926.

Samuel Whitbread (1720-1796) created the first purpose-built mass-production brewery in the UK — quickly becoming a household name across the country. He used his wealth to become an MP for Bedford, going on to campaign for the abolition of slavery and the introduction of a minimum wage. When he died on June 11, 1796, the Gentleman's Magazine claimed that he was "worth over a million pounds".

Samuel Whitbread (1720–1796) by Sir Joshua Reynolds

William Bass founds the Bass brewery in 1777.

The oldest brewery in the U.S. is Yuengling in Pottsville Pennsylvania, which was founded in 1829.

The founder of Heineken, Gerard Heineken was 22 years old when he took over De Hooiberg, a brewery that had been around since the 17th century, on February 16, 1864. Gerard Heineken didn’t let his lack of knowledge about the brewing industry, dissuade him from showing interest in purchasing it. Despite his lack of industry knowledge, Gerard went on to create a very successful business.


After working in a Denver brewery, the German immigrant Adolph Coors founded the Adolph Coors Brewing Company in Golden, Colorado in 1873. He claimed the lager he was brewing took its flavor from the pure water of the Rocky Mountains.

The Australian Foster's Group Limited was founded in Melbourne in 1888 by American brothers William and Ralph Foster, who happened to own a refrigeration plant. Their new beer, Foster’s Lager, was produced in an American style with refrigeration, a lagering process and bottling.



In 1890, the Polish-born British entrepreneur Henry Lowenfeld (1859–1931) built the Kops Brewery, the UK's first brewer of non-alcoholic beer on an eight-acre site in Townmead Road, Fulham, London. A blue plaque on the building reads, "Kops brewed non-alcoholic ales and stouts on an eight-acre site and exported its products throughout the British Empire".

The world’s second largest brewer, SABMiller started in 1895 as South African Breweries The firm operates today in 80 countries and sells 73.5 billion bottles a year. Top brands include Fosters and Miller.

Schlitz, once "the beer that made Milwaukee famous," was the number one beer in America in the early 1950s. Then they started messing with the ingredients to cut costs and the plant was closed less than 30 years later.

Home-brewing beer or wine with an ABV greater than 0.5% was illegal in the US until 1978 when President Jimmy Carter deregulated home-brewing. This led to the craft beer industry the country knows today.

Belgian brewer Interbrew and Brazilian rival AmBev agreed to merge in a $11.2 billion deal in 2004 forming InBev, the world's largest brewer.

During a world-wide hop shortage in 2008, Sam Adams brewing company sold craft brewers their hops at cost to keep them in business.

InBev sells 139 billion bottles a year, including Stella Artois, Budweiser, Corona and Bass.

Stella Artois brewery in Leuven

Vermont has the most breweries of all the states in the United States: With 19 breweries and a 2008 population of 621,270, that makes one brewery for every 32,698 people, the most per capita in the country.

Great Leap Brewing, Beijing's first microbrewery, makes beers with distinctly Chinese flavoring adjuncts such as Sichuan pepper and tiěguānyīn oolong tea

A herd of forty-five thirsty, rambunctious elephants stampeded into a brewery in Midnapore, India, where they smashed vats and slurped up beer in a bender that went on for two days.

Including the amount needed to grow the ingredients, it takes around 20 gallons of water to make one pint of beer.

Source Daily Mail

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