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Sunday, 2 June 2013

Brisbane

Brisbane is named after the Brisbane River on which it is located, which in turn was named after Scotsman Sir Thomas Brisbane, the Governor of New South Wales from 1821 to 1825.

Brisbane was chosen as the capital when Queensland was proclaimed a separate colony from New South Wales in 1859.

The Great Fire of Brisbane swept through the central parts of the city on December 1, 1864. For two and a half hours the fire burned out of control in large parts of Brisbane's central business district with entire blocks being destroyed, mainly in Queen, Albert, George, and Elizabeth Streets.



In 1881 a Brisbane Fire Brigade Board was established. Its first commander, John Edward Hinton, was appointed the following year,

465 millimetres (18.3 in) of rain fell in Brisbane on January 21, 1887, a record for any Australian capital city.


Significant floods have occurred several times since the European settlement of Brisbane. Seven major flood peaks have been recorded at the Brisbane gauge since records began in 1841. In February 1893, a sequence of flood peaks (8.35 metres and 8.09 metres) over two weeks saw the highest recorded flood level in the Brisbane central business district.

On January 26, 1974, the Brisbane River breached its banks causing the largest flood to affect Brisbane in the 20th century, with a level of 5.45 metres.

The 1893 Brisbane flood.

The first civilian ambulance service was set up in 1892 in Brisbane. After witnessing an accident at the Brisbane Exhibition, Seymour Warrian founded the City Ambulance Transport Brigade.

Australian aviator Charles Kingsford Smith and his crew landed their Southern Cross aircraft in Brisbane on June 9, 1928, completing the first ever trans-Pacific flight from the United States mainland to Australia.

Brisbane played a central role in the Allied campaign during World War II as the South West Pacific headquarters for General Douglas MacArthur.


The 1982 Commonwealth Games were held in Brisbane from September 30th to October 9th of that year.

Sheppard's "Gernonimo" was the first single recorded in Brisbane to reach #1 in Australia.

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