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Sunday, 2 June 2013

Brick

The first sun-dried bricks were made by the people of Jericho, in 8000 BC. In their simplest form (still familiar today in many hot regions), these early bricks were shaped by pressing mud or clay into a mould. The damp blocks were then left to bake hard in the sun.

The ancient Egyptians had a limitless supply of the clay that forms the bed of the Nile River. They sun-dried this clay, often first mixing it with a straw binder, to make bricks. Nearly all their homes were built from sun-dried clay bricks.

The Romans, in building their massive structures, used fired bricks, often decorated with colored glazes.

3.8 billion bricks were used to build the Great Wall of China.

Containing four million bricks and weighing 37,000 tonnes, the dome of Florence's Santa Maria del Fiore cathedral is a spectacular feat of renaissance engineering.

After the thin tile bricks of the Roman era, for a thousand years in Britain no bricks were made or used. However, by the 16th century they were being imported from France and were beginning to be manufactured in England of local clay.

In 1694 with money given to him by his patron King William III of Orange, the author Daniel Defoe set up a brick and pantile works in Tilbury, Essex

Mailing an entire building has been illegal in the U.S. since 1916 when a man mailed a 40,000-ton brick house across Utah to avoid high freight rates.

Winston Churchill was a fine bricklayer. He created with his own hands the garden walls, rockery and waterworks at Chartwell.

The surface area of an average-sized brick is 79 cm squared.


The indentation in a brick is called a frog, no one is really sure why.

There are ten million bricks in the Empire State Building.

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