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Sunday, 2 June 2013

Brighton

Brighton, a town in East Sussex, originally the fishing village of Brightelmston, began its transformation into England's leading seaside resort with the arrival in 1753 of Dr Richard Russell, author of A Dissertation on the Use of Sea Water in Diseases of the Glands. Under his guidance bathing became fashionable, and soon 'dippers', such as the celebrated Martha Gunn, made a profession of plunging the rich in the waves. 

Prince George, later George IV suffered from gout due to his highly spiced diet. For many years he bathed in the Brighton sea to try to cure this.

Prince George had a villa built in Brighton on the site of a farmhouse. In 1812 he engaged John Nash to enlarge it into the Royal Pavilion, extravagant "Indian" and "Chinese" interiors. Many people attacked his extravagance. 

In 1821 Dean Mahomed, the owner of the first ever Indian restaurant in England, opened some baths on Brighton sea front. He claimed he was ‘the inventor of the Indian Medicated Vapour Baths…by whom the Art of Shampooing was first introduced into England in 1784.’ King George IV gave him a royal warrant and anointed him Shampooing Surgeon to The King. 

Britain’s first seaside pleasure pier, the Chain Pier at Brighton, opened in 1823.

Britain’s first express commuter train oped in 1841. It run between London and Brighton taking 105 minutes to complete the 59-mile journey.

In 1871, Harry J. Lawson, of Brighton, made the first rear-chain-driven "safety" cycle. The pedal moved the back wheel by means of a chain on sprockets.

Volk’s Electric Railway opened in 1879. running along the Brighton seafront, it was the world’s first public electric railway.

The Duke of York's Picture House opened in Brighton in 1910. It is now the oldest continually operating cinema in Britain.

Britain’s first legal casino of modern times opened at the Metropole in Brighton in 1962.

Harry Bidwen of Brighton divorced his wife at the age of 101 in 1980, having waited until all their children were dead.

More than two million Britons are insomniacs, Londoners get the least rest, with just 54 per cent managing the UK average of seven hours. In Brighton, 67 per cent get seven hours.

Source History World

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