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Saturday, 12 April 2014

John Chrysostom

John Chrysostom (c. 347–407), a graduate of a monastic school, was appointed in 398 the Archbishop of Constantinople. An eloquent, earnest, knowledgeable and practical orator, (Chrysostom means, “golden mouthed”), he became the greatest preacher of his time.

John Chrysostom’s preaching talents came about through sheer hard work,  He spent four years in the desert, and two as a hermit in Bible study, during which he practiced austerities.

In a 403 AD sermon, Chrysostom icompared the immoral Empress of the East, Eudoxia to Herodias, who had the head of John the Baptist served on a platter. Her husband Arcadius accordingly deposed him from his position of Archbishop of Constantinople. Innocent I, the Bishop of Rome, championed Chrysostom’s cause and relations between Rome and Constantinople were broken off.

In 407 The Eastern Emperor, irritated by the popular support for John Chrysostom, sent him into exile to the eastern edge of the Black Sea. During the onerous journey, the “golden mouthed” former Archbishop died.

Even outside the Christian world, Chrysostom influence has been great. After World War II, Charles Malik, a Lebanese Christian philosopher and board member of Harvard university, proposed that the social teachings of John Chrysostom be adopted as policy for the founding charter of the United Nations.

Source Christianity Today

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