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Sunday, 10 August 2014

Croatia

Croats arrived in the area of present-day Croatia during the early part of the 7th century AD.

In 879 Pope John VIII became the first to officially recognize Croatia as a nation-state, and Branimir as its Duke.

The first King of Croatia was named Tomislav in 925 – this elevated Croatia to the status of a kingdom.

Demetrius Zvonimir, the last native king who exerted any real power over the entire Croatian state, was crowned on October 8, 1076. He inherited the Kingdom of Croatia at its height and ruled it from the city of Knin. Zvonimir's reign is remembered as a peaceful and prosperous time, during which the connection of Croats with the Holy See was further affirmed, so much so that Catholicism would remain among Croats until the present day. After his death in 1089, Croatia subsequently entered a period of anarchy, with various sides and nobles fighting over supremacy in the kingdom.

King Zvonimir of Croatia

The name Zagreb was mentioned for the first time in the 1134 Felician Charter relating to the establishment of the Zagreb Bishopric around 1094.

The Independent State of Croatia was founded on April 10, 1941 during World War II. The fascist Ustaše leader Ante Pavelić was appointed head of the government, which was a puppet of the Axis powers. The state consisted of most of modern-day Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, together with some parts of modern-day Serbia.

Flag of  Independent State of Croatia 

In 1945, Croatia became a part of new, communist Yugoslavia (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) which collapsed in 1991.

Despite a boycott by the local Serb population, voters in Croatia passed a referendum supporting independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which came into effect on October 8, 1991.

Croatia joined the European Union on July 1, 2013.

The Croatian Adriatic coast is one of the most indented in the world: it has 1246 islands and islets with a total coastline of 4058 km, the total length of the mainland coast being 1777 km.

Zagreb Cathedral holds the title of the tallest building in Croatia at 108 meters high.

The highest mountain in Croatia is the Dinara peak at 1,831 metres.

The national flower of Croatia is the Iris.

Source Croatia Week


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