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Sunday, 31 August 2014

Cyprus

The island of Cyprus is the result of of the Anatolian tectonic plate and the African plate colliding.

The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sold her kingdom to Venice in 1489.

The Ottoman empire invaded Cyprus in 1570. The capital Nicosia and several other towns fell quickly to the considerably superior Ottoman army. Famagusta eventually fell in August 1571 after a siege of 11 months. In response the Republic of Venice and the Holy League, a coalition of Christian states formed under the auspices of the Pope, declared war.

The 1571 Battle of Lepanto was a naval engagement between allied Christian forces and the Ottoman Turks.

A peace treaty signed on March 7, 1573 brought the Ottoman–Venetian War to an end with Venice ceding Cyprus to the Ottomans and paying a tribute of 300,000 ducats.

The United Kingdom granted Cyprus independence in 1959, which was then formally proclaimed on August 16, 1960. The flag of Cyprus came into use on the same day.

The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus was founded on November 15, 1963.The self-declared state comprises the northeastern portion of the island of Cyprus, but is recognized only by Turkey. Northern Cyprus is considered by the international community to be part of the Republic of Cyprus.



The flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus was adopted in 1983. It is based on the flag of Turkey with the colors reversed and two horizontal red stripes added at the top and bottom.

Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Wikipedia

Geographically, Cyprus is part of Asia and in the Middle East, but for political reasons, it is sometimes counted as being part of Europe.

Cyprus is the third-largest island in the Mediterranean; Only Sicily and Sardinia are larger.

Cyprus is one of only two island nations in the Mediterranean (the other is Malta).

There are two states on the island: The Republic of Cyprus and The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which is only recognised by Turkey. These states are separated by a buffer zone, which is controlled by the United Nations.

Voting in European elections is compulsory in Cyprus.

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