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Saturday, 11 July 2015

Hiroshima

Hiroshima is the largest city in the Chūgoku region of western Honshu, the largest island of Japan. It gained city status on April 1, 1889.

The city's name means "Wide Island" in Japanese.

Hiroshima is best known as the first city in history to be targeted by a nuclear weapon when the United States Army Air Forces dropped an atomic bomb on the city at 8:16 a.m. on August 6, 1945, near the end of the Second World War.

The mushroom cloud over Hiroshima after the dropping of Little Boy

The Hiroshima atom bomb explosion was generated by matter weighing no more than a paper clip.

Tsutomu Yamaguchi was in Hiroshima for work when the first atom bomb hit, made it home to Nagasaki for the second, and lived to be 93.

There were 343,000 inhabitants of Hiroshima on the day the first atom bomb was dropped in 1945, killing 80,000.

Atomic Bomb Dome by Jan Letzel and modern Hiroshima. By Hirotsugu Mori - Wikipedia Commons

Tens of thousands died in subsequent years from burns and radiation poisoning. The final death toll of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima was 200,000



Hiroshima was rebuilt after the war, with help from the national government through the Hiroshima Peace Memorial City Construction Law passed in 1949.

The Hiroshima Peace Flame has burned continuously since it was lit in 1964, and will remain lit until all nuclear bombs on the planet are destroyed and the Earth is free from the threat of nuclear annihilation.

The oleander is the official flower of the city of Hiroshima because it was the first to bloom again after the explosion of the atomic bomb.

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