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Thursday, 3 September 2015

Jaguar (Animal)

The name “jaguar” comes from a Native American word meaning “he who kills with one leap”.

A key figure in Mayan mythology, the jaguar also lent its name to many rulers. The British Museum houses limestone carvings depicting Shield Jaguar, a Maya king who ruled in Yaxchilan from 681 until he died in the year 742 and his aunt – wife (yes, really), Lady Xoc.

Jaguars are the third-largest cats in the world. Only lions and tigers are bigger.


The jaguar is the only one of the four main the cats (the others are tigers, lions and leopards) to live in the Americas. It is believed to have migrated from North East Asia to what is now Alaska some two million years ago, then headed as far south as Argentina.

Around 6% of Jaguars appeared to be entirely black, but if you look closely, you can still see dark spots against the background of the dark base coat, which is normally a golden yellow color.

Jaguars in the jungles of South America love to get high on Banisteriopsis caapi, a root with hallucinogenic properties.

Relative to their size, jaguars wield the most powerful bite of any big cat.

The jaguar is the only North American feline that can roar.

What's the difference between a jaguar and a leopard? Jaguars have broad heads, thick bodies, and dots in their rosettes, while leopards are slimmer and don't have dots in their rosettes.

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