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Thursday, 4 August 2016

Mushroom

HISTORY

In various ancient civilization throughout the world including Russia, China, Greece, Egypt, Mexico and Latin America, mushroom rituals were practiced. Many believed that mushrooms had properties that could produce super- human strength, help in finding lost objects and leading the soul to the realm of the gods

The delicious flavor of mushrooms intrigued one Egyptian pharaoh so much that he he decreed that they are food for royalty and that no commoner could ever touch them. This assured himself the entire supply of mushrooms.

Roman Emperors Tiberius and Claudius, Czar Alexander I of Russia, Charles V of France and Pope Clement VII all died of mushroom poisoning.

The toxic mushroom Amanita muscaria, By MichaelMaggs - Wikipedia


MORPHOLOGY 

A mushroom is not a vegetable – it is a fungi

Mushrooms differ from other plants in that they contain no chlorophyll. Because of this, some would argue that they are not plants at all.

More than 30 species of mushroom glow in the dark.

The Honey mushroom of the species Armillaria ostoyae in the Blue Mountains of Oregon is believed to be the largest organism in the world and has an area of almost four square miles.

Armillaria ostoyae. By W.J.Pilsak at the German language Wikipedia,

Some mushrooms contain more potassium than bananas.

Some mushrooms are carnivorous. They eat spiders and roundworms.

Mushrooms have their own immune system.

HUMAN USE

A person who studies mushrooms and fungi is a mycologist. The Italian mycologist Bruno Cetto (April 21, 1921 – July 16, 1991) described 2,147 types of mushroom.

Bruno Cetto

A mushroom-eater is a mycophagist, fear of mushrooms is mycophobia and a mushroom-lover is a mycophile.

Mushrooms are used extensively in cooking, in many cuisines (notably Chinese, European, Japanese and Korean). Though neither meat nor vegetable, mushrooms are known as the "meat" of the vegetable world.


There is a mushroom that grows in the wild and tastes like fried chicken - it's name is Laetiporus.

The first book on cultivating mushrooms was written by William Falconer. Mushrooms : How to Grow Them was published in 1891.

The mushrooms in Mario games are based on a real species called Amanita Muscaria that, when eaten, make people feel like they're growing.

The Mushroom Museum in Zagreb, Croatia displays over 700 species of mushroom.

China produces around 65 per cent of the world's edible mushrooms.

Sources Venere.com, Food For Thought by Ed Pearce

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