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Tuesday, 23 August 2016

Nebraska

HISTORY

In the early eighteenth century, France developed a regular trade with the native peoples along the Missouri River in Nebraska, and by 1719 had signed treaties with several of these peoples.

Nebraska in 1718, Guillaume de L'Isle map, with the approximate area of the future state highlighted.
In 1803, the United States purchased the Louisiana Territory from France for $15 million, including present day Nebraska.

In 1819, the United States established Fort Atkinson, just east of present-day Fort Calhoun, Nebraska as the first US Army post west of the Missouri River. The army abandoned the fort eight years later as migration moved further west.

The 1848-55 California Gold Rush brought the first large numbers of non-indigenous settlers to the Nebraska area.

Omaha, Nebraska's largest city, was founded in 1854, by speculators from neighboring Council Bluffs, Iowa. The settlement was founded along the Missouri River, and a crossing called Lone Tree Ferry earned the city its nickname, the "Gateway to the West".

The Kansas–Nebraska Act became law in 1854 establishing the U.S. territories of Nebraska and Kansas, and allowing settlers in those territories to determine if they would permit slavery within their boundaries.

In the 1860s, many people moved to Nebraska to take free land from the government.



Nebraska became the 37th U.S. state on March 1, 1867. On the same day, the city of Lancaster was renamed Lincoln and became the state capital.

In 1882 a rodeo sponsored by William "Buffalo Bill" Cody (1846-1917) at North Platte, Nebraska., attracted 1,000 contestants. Its success prompted Cody to open his traveling Wild West show, "Buffalo Bill's Wild West" , the following year. It was a circus-like attraction that toured annually with real cowboys and Indians.

The flag of the state of Nebraska is a blue rectangular cloth charged with the Nebraskan state seal. The current design was adopted in 1925.

Nebraska flag

Charles Lindbergh enrolled as a student at the Nebraska Aircraft Corporation's flying school in Lincoln in March 1922 and flew for the first time in his life the following month, when he took to the air as a passenger in a two-seat Lincoln Standard "Tourabout" biplane trainer piloted by Otto Timm.

In May 2004, Hallam, Nebraska was struck by an F4 tornado, (part of the May 2004 tornado outbreak sequence) that broke a width record at an astounding 2.5 miles (4.0 km) wide. It killed one resident. and destroyed most of the town.

FUN NEBRASKA FACTS

Nebraska has a large agriculture sector, and is a major producer of beef, pork, corn (maize), and soybeans.

Nebraska grain bins and elevator

Most of the world's popcorn is grown in the Midwest, with Nebraska ranked number one.

As of April 2015, Nebraska's unemployment rate was 2.5%, the lowest in the United States.

Nebraska is a triply landlocked state: it touches no ocean, the states it borders touch no ocean, and the states they border touch no ocean.

Despite being a landlocked state, Nebraska does have a Navy—its honorary admirals include Queen Elizabeth II, Bill Murray and Big Bird.

In Nebraska, It is illegal for bar owners to sell beer unless they are simultaneously brewing a kettle of soup.

Barbers are not allowed to eat onions between 7 a.m. and 7 p.m. in Waterloo, Nebraska.

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