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Wednesday, 11 January 2017

Peace

The American merchant David Low Dodge organized the first peace society in history in New York in 1815. Almost simultaneously another was organized in Massachusetts by the Congregational clergyman Noah Worcester.

The highest honor awarded to a peace maker is the Nobel Prize in Peace, awarded since 1901. Henry Dunant was awarded the first-ever Nobel Peace Prize for his role in founding the International Red Cross.

The last Nuremberg Rally intended to be held by Germany in 1939 was given the name "Rally of Peace", to reiterate the German desire for peace. However, it was cancelled at short notice because one day before the planned date, on September 1, Germany began its military offensive against Poland.

The peace symbol, commissioned by Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament in protest against the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment, was designed and completed by Gerald Holtom on February 21, 1958. Holtom explained that the symbol superimposed the semaphore letters “N” and “D” over each other.

A peace sign, which is widely associated with pacifism
On February 15, 2003, there was a coordinated day of protests against the Iraq war in over 600 cities worldwide. It is estimated that between six and eleven million people people participated, making this the largest peace demonstration in history.

The Iraq War protest in Rome on February 15, 2003 involved around three million people, and is listed in the 2004 Guinness Book of World Records as the largest anti-war rally in history.

A puppet representing Italian PM Silvio Berlusconi during the demonstration in Rome

The Global Peace Index (GPI) is an attempt to measure the relative position of nations' and regions' peacefulness.The list was launched in May 2007 and updates have been made on an annual basis since then. The study is the brainchild of Australian technology entrepreneur Steve Killelea, founder of Integrated Research.

In 2016 The GPI indicated Iceland to be the most peaceful country followed by Denmark and Austria. Syria was said to be the least peaceful, followed by South Sudan and Iraq.

The longest continuing period of peace among currently existing states is observed in Sweden, which has had peace since 1814 (if Swedish participation in the wars in Afghanistan and Libya is not considered) after its loss of major parts of the country to Russia in the Napoleon wars.

It has been calculated that in the last 3,500 years, there has only been 230 years of total peace throughout the civilized world.

Islam derived from the root word salam which literally means peace.

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