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Sunday, 16 March 2014

Charleston (city)

Charleston was founded in 1670 as Charles Towne in honor of King Charles II of England. It adopted its present name in 1783.

Charleston was the capital of South Carolina until 1786 when Columbia became capital.

The first musical stage performance seen in the United States was a ballad opera called Flora produced in Charleston in 1735.

The first public museum in America was established in Charleston in 1773.

Henry Laurens, a Charleston statesman, became the first formal cremation in the US in 1792. He left instructions in his will.

Fort Sumter, in the sheltered harbour of Charleston, was bombarded by Confederate forces from 12–13 April 1861, thus beginning the American Civil War.

On February 17, 1864, during the American Civil War, the HL Hunley (see below) became the first submarine to sink an enemy warship. It is now on display in Charleston.

In 1931, Charleston was the first city in the United States to pass legislation establishing a historical district. The city has more than 1,000 buildings that pre-date the Civil War.

The city was badly damaged by Hurricane Hugo in 1989.

Source Hutchinson Encyclopedia © RM 2014. Helicon Publishing is division of RM.

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