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Sunday, 9 March 2014

The Charismatic Movement

The Charismatic Movement is a movement within the Christian church that emphasizes the role of the Holy Spirit in the life of the individual believer and in the life of the church.

The term charismatic comes from the Greek word for ‘gifts’, and refers to the gifts of the Holy Spirit, including healing, prophecy, and speaking in tongues (glossolalia).

The Charismatic movement began in 1960 with a group of Episcopalians in Van Nuys, California after Dennis Bennett, the Rector at St Mark's Episcopal Church declared to his congregation that he had received the Baptism of the Holy Spirit.  By the late 1960s this movement, which stressed a belief in gifts of the Holy Spirit such as speaking in tongues, prophecy and healing had spread rapidly in America in Lutheran and Roman Catholic as well as Episcopalian churches. Many affected were from a young, disillusioned generation who were critical of a society that justified the Vietnam war.

The Charismatic movement also affected many Christians from the mainstream denominations overseas. Even some from Russian and Greek Orthodox churches were affected by this move of the Holy Spirit.

Today various Christian denominations, groups, and congregations practise forms of charismatic worship, such as clapping, raising hands, speaking in tongues, and informal leading of prayers.

Source Hutchinson Encyclopedia © RM 2014. Helicon Publishing is division of RM.

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