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Sunday, 23 March 2014

Chicken (Animal)


According to archaeological records, chickens were first domesticated in the cities of the Indus Valley in about 3000 BC.

Until the late 18th century, a male chicken was generally referred to as a cock, a young cock was a cockerel. The word rooster originated in the United States in 1774, and the term is widely used throughout North America, as well as Australia and New Zealand.

In the early 1910s, the New Zealand town of Brightwater had five electric street lights powered by a hydroelectric generator which was auto-controlled by a flock of chickens. At night, the chickens would go inside their coop and their weight would close an electric circuit, turning on the street lights.

In 1946, a local poultry farmer offered 100 chicks for each homer the Nashua Dodgers hit. Newcomer Roy Campanella hit 14 in his first season and shipped to his father, who promptly began a thriving farming business on the outskirts of Philadelphia.

Authorities began to kill, disinfect and bury every chicken in Hong Kong on December 29, 1997 — an estimated 1.25 million — to prevent the spread of deadly bird flu.

The UN estimated there were nearly 16 billion chickens in the world in 2002, with China having the most.

In 2004, the chicken became the first bird to have its genome sequenced. Genetic differences in strains of chicken are monitored by the International Chicken Genome Consortium.

Chickens are now frequently bred according to predetermined breed standards set down by governing organizations. The first of such standards was the British Poultry Standard, which was first published in 1865 by the original Poultry Club of Great Britain. The current edition, published in 2008, is the sixth in the current numbering.


The world's average stock of chickens is estimated to be 25 billion, meaning there are about three and a half times as many chickens as there are people in the world. It is thought there are more chickens than any other bird species.

In Brunei, there are 40 times as many chickens as people.

Chickens outnumber people in the US state of Delaware more than 200-1.

The world’s oldest chicken, according to the Guinness Book of Records, died of heart failure aged 16- normally they live for six to eight years.

In the mid 1940s a chicken named Mike lived for 18 months after his head was cut off.

Research has shown that a chicken can learn to recognize the faces of over 100 individuals.

The chickens' beak, with numerous nerve endings, is used to explore, detect, drink, preen, and defend.

The dangly bit on a rooster’s chin is a wattle. Wattles seem to play a role in courtship behaviour.

Chickens can see long distance and close-up at the same time in different parts of their vision. They can also see a broader range of colors than humans.

Research has shown that chickens can distinguish between over 100 different faces of people or animals.

Hens talk to their chicks in soft tones while they are still in the egg, and chicks can be heard peeping back from inside the shell.

A chicken with red earlobes will produce brown eggs, and a chicken with white earlobes will produce white eggs.

Nine egg yolks have been found in one chicken egg.

Baby chickens use their right eye to look for food and their left eye to look out for predators.

A group of chickens is called a brood or peep.

The longest recorded flight of a chicken lasted 13 seconds.

Chickens can travel up to nine miles an hour.

Chickens are used to detect diseases that spread via mosquito. They don’t get ill from the ailments and don’t develop high enough levels of the conditions to spread them, but the we can still check for the diseases in their blood. They are also called ‘Sentinel Chickens.’

Ayam Cemani is a completely black breed of chicken from Indonesia. Its beak, tongue, comb, wattles, and even its meat, bones and organs appear black thanks to excess pigmentation caused by fibromelanosis.

Cemani rooster By Kangwira - my farm

Alektotophobia is the fear of chickens. American Pie actress Shannon Elizabeth is terrified of the birds.

Freshman students at Izumo Agricultural and Forestry High School, in Izumo, Japan take a six month “Class of Life” course during which they help hatch and raise chickens, before killing and eating  them.

Source Treehugger.comDaily Mail, Daily Express 

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