Search This Blog

Saturday, 22 March 2014

Chemical Weapon

The use of poison gas in World War I escalated when chlorine gas was released as a chemical weapon in the Second Battle of Ypres on April 22, 1915. At 17:30, in a slight easterly breeze, the gas was released by the Germans, forming a gray-green cloud that drifted across positions held by French Colonial troops from Martinique who broke ranks and abandoned their trenches.

The British expressed outrage at Germany's use of poison gas at Ypres but responded by developing their own gas warfare capability. The first use of gas by the British was at the Battle of Loos on September 25, 1915. The attempt was a disaster as there was little wind, and the gas either lingered in no man's land or, in places, blew back on the British trenches.

British troops blinded by tear gas during the Battle of Estaires, 1918
When asked why nerve gas was not used in Normandy, Hermann Göring said the Nazis were dependent upon horse-drawn transport to move supplies to their combat units, and had never been able to devise a gas mask that horses could tolerate.

For the first time in military history, a civilian population was targeted for chemical attack when Iraqi warplanes bombed the Iranian town of Sardasht in 1987.

No comments:

Post a Comment