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Saturday, 22 March 2014

Chemist Shop

The first public chemist shop was opened in Baghdad in 770 AD. Around the same time in Europe the study of medicine was declining. This was because the church looked upon illness as the will of God, a punishment for sin, or a test of faith. Consequently any interest in the human body was felt to be sinful.

Britain's oldest chemists, Reavley’s Pharmacy, in Burford, Oxford, has served its customers since 1734. It originally was a pub selling medical remedies on the side.

Fourteen years  after Jesse Boot inherited his father's herbalist shop, he opened his first chemist's shop, called Boot and Company (or Boots), in Nottingham in 1877. Believing that the future lay in patent medicines, Boot offered a wide range of pharmaceutical goods. By the beginning of the 20th century he was controlling the largest pharmaceutical retail trade in the world, with over a thousand branches by 1931.

Ty.Phoo Tea was developed by Birmingham grocer John Sumner in 1905. The tea was sold in packets, and the fact that it didn’t contain any of the tannin-rich stalk meant it could also be sold through chemists for the relief of indigestion.

Agatha Christie worked at a chemist's shop between 1915 and 1918 in Torquay, south-west England.

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