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Saturday, 14 March 2015


Though Christian Fundamentalism today is a mainly derisory term aimed at unwieldy, defensive believers who believe in a literal interpretation of the Bible, the movement began in the early twentieth century as an attack on liberal theology and the promotion of evangelical doctrines.

The term is derived from a series of 12 books jointly entitled The Fundamentals published between 1909 and 1915, which were a collection of essays by 64 conservative Protestant British and American scholars and preachers. These essays stressed the reality of Hell, the grace of God in allowing a reconciliation between sinful man and himself through the substitutionary death of his Son on the cross, and the necessity of a personal conversion to receive this way out.

The books were funded by oil magnate Lyman Stewart, and around three million volumes were distributed to English-speaking Protestant church workers throughout the world.

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